The Pentagon’s 1033 Program, which is militarizing state and local police forces with everything from high-powered firearms to armored vehicles, is also giving weapons to officials who have no law enforcement functions.
The practice is leading watchdogs and even some US government officials to question why the US military is so desperate to unload its cache of used military hardware that it is even willing to arm a local coroner, and other state and local officials who have no apparent need for firepower.
Doug Wortham is the coroner in Sharp County, Arkansas, whose working day consists of dealing with dead people. Nevertheless, he used the Defense Department’s 1033 program to acquire an assault rifle, a handgun and a Humvee.
Explaining his need for the extra firepower, Wortham, who qualified for the program because as a coroner he is invested with the authority to arrest, told AP: “I just wanted to protect myself.”
It was also reported that the coroner’s office acquired items through the program but forfeited its rights last year following revelations about some of its procurements, including a kayak.
“Why would a coroner’s office need a kayak?” asked Tina Owens, deputy director of the Arkansas Department of Emergency Management, as cited by AP.
Civic watchdog groups have been sounding the alarm over the militarization of local and state law enforcement agencies for years. However, the August shooting death of black teenager Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, followed by violent protests that pitted hundreds of protesters against heavily armed police clad in military gear, attracted public attention to the issue.
According to the AP report, however, numerous government agencies not directly connected with law enforcement also took advantage of the gun giveaway, including “government agencies that enforce gaming laws at Kansas tribal casinos and weigh 18-wheelers in Mississippi, to the Wyoming Livestock Board and the Cumberland County Alcoholic Beverage Control Board in Fayetteville, North Carolina.”
Here are some of the agencies that received weapons and military gear through the program: The harbormaster in Dartmouth, Massachusetts, received a Humvee for negotiating tough terrain and “a night-vision scope to spot boaters in the dark;” the Arkansas Tobacco Control agency acquired five 12-gauge shotguns for its agents, “who help regulate tobacco retailers and wholesalers;” the Wyoming Livestock Board, which provides Glocks and .45-caliber handguns to its officers “who investigate cattle thefts and other industry-related crimes;” the Mississippi Department of Transportation got seven M-14 rifles through the program, AP reported.
Any investigation into the weapons giveaway, however, will be hampered by the program’s cloak of secrecy that only reveals information on the county level regarding the transfers. Meanwhile, battlefield-grade equipment accounted for “a fraction” of the used items available, with some agencies participating in the program to receive office equipment and other such goods, AP said.
It was only through information voluntarily provided to AP that it was able to discover the destination of the inventories.
Last month, the San Diego Unified School District Police Department (SDUSD) announced that it had received from the federal government a $733,000 Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle similar to the models used in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.
Although the 18-ton vehicle does not come with any weapons, watchdog groups are wondering exactly what type of school emergency would require the use of an armored military vehicle.
The ongoing militarization of school police departments has been explained by incidences of violence on school grounds, most notably the 1999 Columbine High School massacre, which left 15 dead, including the two perpetrators of the shooting spree.
In September, almost two dozen educational and civil rights groups sent a letter to Pentagon officials, urging them to stop militarizing US school police departments, which have been reported in California, Texas, Nevada, Utah, Florida, Georgia, Kansas and Michigan.
“Adding the presence of military-grade weapons to school climates that have become increasingly hostile due to their over-reliance on police to handle routine student discipline can only exacerbate existing tensions,” said the protest letter, signed by a number of groups, including the NAACP’s Legal Defense and Education Fund, the Children’s Law Center and Public Counsel.
President Barack Obama in August ordered a review of federal programs that allow state and local law enforcement to acquire military-grade weapons and equipment.